The brain is an essential part of the human body and very complicated as well. The brain is part of the nervous system, and the nervous system controls everything in our body. It includes memory, the functioning of body parts, and the processing of data. When the brain is affected, it not only affects the whole body, but it also affects your memory and sensation. There are best neurosurgery hospitals in Bangalore which offer good treatment. Brain disorders include different conditions, such as illness, genetics, and traumatic injury. Different types of disease affect different types of people above 55 people due to weak tissue cells.

Types of Brain disorder

Parkinson’s disease

Parkinson’s disease is a brain disorder, and it is named Parkinson after Dr. James Parkinson.  This disease occurs due to the decline of neurons in the brain, known as basal ganglia. The basal ganglia are neurons present in the base of the forebrain. The cells of basal ganglia produce dopamine which is a neurotransmitter that regulates body movements through balanced muscle movement. The disease begins as a slight tremor on one hand or leg, which becomes worse after some time. Later the condition affects both sides of the body by causing stiffness, weakness, and trembling of muscles.

Alzheimer’s disease

Alzheimer’s disease is a neurodegenerative disease that slowly destroys memory and thinking skills. It is a common type of dementia (loss of memory) where experts believe that Alzheimer’s is also known as a suspected prion disease. In this disease, anxiety increases based on the sudden change in mood. At certain stages, the patient becomes severely disoriented, and the disease causes psychosis, such as hallucinations. For example, In this condition, a patient can see silhouettes and hears voices when no one is there.


Epilepsy is a brain disorder due to which recurrent seizures occur. In epilepsy, the temporary alteration in functions also happens. Episodes are neurological abnormalities that arise due to abnormal electrical activities in the brain. Sometimes due to stimulus, a seizure may occur as a flashing light, or it can be spontaneous. In epilepsy, there is a momentary loss of consciousness without abnormal movements. Epilepsy usually happens due to the Imbalance of neurotransmitters or chemical messengers in the brain.

Risk factors for a brain disorder

The risk factors for brain disorder varies according to different types of disease. Traumatic brain injury usually occurs in children under the age of 4 years and between 15-25. A brain tumour is the most common disease which can affect at any age. The risk factors are old age and family history. In old age, the person is weak and unable to control a brain tumour. The other risk factor is family history. Experts believe there are 95% chances that a person will inherit a brain tumour, which may occur at a young age or old age.

  • Family history of neurological disorders.
  • Having traumatic, stressful, or experience of anxiety.
  • Addicted to using alcohol and drugs excessively.

Diagnostics of brain disorders

The experts who diagnose brain disorders are usually neurologists. Consultant checks your eyesight, hearing capacity, and other balances in the body. Most doctors suggest the images of the brain to analyze the disease and structure of our brain. You can consider visiting the best neurosurgery hospital in Bangalore for medical diagnosis.

Imaging technologies are the following:

  • CT scan or computerized imaging is the technology that captures the image of the human body. X-rays measurements are taken to get a perfect image.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging is the latest technology in which experts use many magnets and radio waves to capture organs’ image in our body.

Long term effect of brain disorder

The effect of the disorder depends on the type of disease and family history. Some diseases and conditions are cured easily by therapy and medications. Some severe cases need more attention as some patients with mental illness are violent and aggressive. At the same time, people are spending their everyday lives by taking medication on time.

Parting thoughts

Conclusively, the neurological disorder occurs mainly in old age. In this disease, the mind and its function are heavily affected—moreover, the brain control hormones, and the whole nervous system of the human body. The nervous system transfers the messages to different parts of the body. Due to specific causes, the brain is unable to control the functioning of particular parts of the body. It is essential that you should not ignore any signs of potential neurological disorders. You need to seek professional help if you observe any of the above symptoms.


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